The leader of the freedom struggle of the Turkish Cypriot people, Dr. 38th anniversary of Küçük's death
The leader of the struggle for existence and freedom of the Turkish Cypriot people, who died on January 15, 1984, Dr. Fazıl Küçük is commemorated on the 38th anniversary of his death.
Küçük, who devoted his life to the Cyprus issue and the freedom and independence struggle of the Turkish Cypriot people, made great sacrifices for this cause.
Küçük was born on March 14, 1906 in Nicosia, and started primary school in 1912 at the Nicosia Sarayönü School.
Küçük, who started his university education at Istanbul Medical Faculty in 1926, completed his education at Lausanne University Faculty of Medicine in Switzerland in 1934.
While returning to Cyprus as a physician in 1937, Küçük began to examine patients with the medical supplies he supplied while in Switzerland and treated people in need free of charge every Friday.
Coming to the forefront with his populist personality, Küçük prepared drugs in his laboratory for his patients who could not afford to take drugs, and paid for the other drugs himself.
Dr. Küçük has always been interested in the problems of the Turkish Cypriot people and spent all his time outside of work to fight for the Turkish Cypriot people to live independently and in better conditions.
Küçük got married to Süheyla Küçük in 1946 and had 2 children, a girl and a boy.
Dr. Although Fazıl Küçük's return to the Island was in 1937, the basis of his active political life dates back to the 1930s.
Küçük began his political career as a university student in the early 1930s, fighting against those who insisted that the Turkish Education be run by British directors.
Feeling the need for a newspaper in which the Turks in Cyprus could make their voices heard, Küçük started publishing the newspaper Halkın Sesi on March 14, 1942, with the permission of the British Colonial Administration.
While Küçük primarily focused on social issues in his articles in the newspaper, he fought for the transfer of the administration of Turkish schools to the Turkish Cypriots with the Foundations Administration.
Küçük, who was elected as a member of the Nicosia Municipality Council on March 21, 1943 and held this position for 6 years, was among the founders of the Cyprus Island Turkish Minority Institution, which was established in the same year.
Küçük founded the Cyprus National Turkish People's Party (KMTHK) on April 23, 1944 and assumed the presidency of the party. One of the main objectives of Küçük's party program was to prevent the annexation of the Island to Greece (ENOSIS).
While Cyprus became a subject of interest in the international arena after 1954, Dr. Küçük accelerated the struggle of the British and Greeks against the ENOSIS demands. On August 15, 1955, the name of his party was changed to "Cyprus is Turkish Party" by congress decision.
Dr. Fazıl Küçük first established the Turkish Cypriot Strength Union and then in September 1955, after the terrorist organization EOKA, which was founded on April 1, 1955, to destroy the Turkish people in Cyprus and connect the island to Greece, started its actions in Cyprus. He founded the secret organization "Volkan".
KÜÇÜK WAS BROUGHT TO THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS FOUNDED IN 1960
Küçük organized Turkish Cypriots to establish workers' unions, farmers' unions, tradesmen's chambers, cooperatives, youth organizations, and took office in the Turkish Resistance Organization (TMT) established in 1958, with the code name "Ağrı", at the highest rank.
Küçük, who went to Turkey in 1958, the most difficult days of the struggle, made speeches defending the cause of the Turkish Cypriots at large rallies about Cyprus held all over Turkey and was instrumental in the adoption of the struggle in Turkey.
Küçük represented the Turkish Cypriot people at the conference held in London on February 17, 1959, upon the agreement reached between the Turkish and Greek foreign ministers in Zurich, Switzerland on February 11, 1959, and signed the founding agreements of the Republic of Cyprus on February 19, 1959. .
On behalf of the Greek Cypriot people, Archbishop of the Orthodox Church III. Makarios was appointed as the Vice President on behalf of the Turkish Cypriot people.
Upon the start of the Greek Cypriot attacks against the Turkish Cypriots, on December 21, 1963, tens of thousands of Turks became immigrants and hundreds of Turks were brutally murdered, regardless of whether they were children, young or old, men or women.
Küçük became the chairman of the General Committee formed after the inter-communal conflicts in 1963 and was appointed as the Chairman of the "Temporary Turkish Cypriot Administration" established on 28 December 1967.
EMPHASED THE COMMITMENT OF TURKS OF CYPRUS TO THE MOTHERLAND, TURKEY
Fazıl Küçük emphasized the loyalty of the Turkish Cypriot people, who were stuck in certain regions at that time, to their homeland, and tried to strengthen the resistance of the people to the national struggle.
Küçük resigned from the vice presidency on February 18, 1973, and was replaced by Rauf R. Denktaş. However, by continuing the struggle in his newspaper, he continued to make the People's Voice a flag for the cause of the Turkish Cypriots. He continued his political life. He did not hesitate to defend the rightful demands of the people. Dr. Küçük continued his writings intermittently during his illness in the early 1980s.